ONE Championship uses the Global MMA Rule Set, which combines a combination of Asian and non-Asian rule best practices. As with unified rules, fights are 3×5-minute rounds (5×5-minute rounds for championship matches), elbows to the head of an opponent on the ground are legal, and clothing is limited to tight shorts and shirts, but ONE allows 12-6 elbow and knee kicks on an opponent`s head on the ground, which is prohibited in the unified rules. (Stomping on enemies on the ground is also allowed in ONE, but not on the head: head trampling was previously legal in PRIDE.) Football kicks were previously legal in ONE, but have been banned since 2016 as part of the company`s global expansion plans.  The scoring criteria in ONE are also similar to those in PRIDE, with fights being evaluated in their entirety and the effort to create a finish/inflicted damage is more important for judges to consider than under the U.S. evaluation protocol. Since 2015, the UFC has been working with the USADA anti-doping agency. USADA deals with fighters who use illegal performance-enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids. In this way, they keep the sport clean and the competition fair. A whiplash is a blow to the back of the head or neck. This area of the body is extremely vulnerable and a blow can cause serious and lifelong injuries, and it can even be fatal. This is a technique widely used in boxing as there are a lot of head movements out there.
In MMA, this happens less frequently, usually when a fighter climbs on an opponent`s back and has access to that game. When considering blows to the back of the head, the referee must be very careful because they are difficult to detect. Here`s a situation where McGregor knocked out Poirier, and Poirier complained that the shots were illegal (they were legal, but it was a very close call). An illegal knee lands in most cases when a shooting fighter tries to get up. When they get up, the opponent who is on them can put a knee on the head without seeing that the fist or knee is still in contact with the ground. If this happens, the referee interrupts the fight, gives the fighter time to recover, and issues a serious warning to his opponent. Eye Pokes are illegal in the promotion run by Dana White. Accidental eye bumps in most cases warrant a warning from the referee. Repeated eye bumps lead to one-off deductions.
So if someone is not standing, no kick against the head. This includes being on your knees. The UFC is legal in all 50 U.S. states. In the early `90s, the UFC was only legal in a few states and was even banned from New York State in 1997. But over the next two decades, the UFC would fight hard for its legal acceptance and become legal in all 50 U.S. states. The last to approve it was New York State in 2016. Football kicks were legal in the early days of the UFC, but they were banned with the birth of uniform rules in the early 2000s. Although UFC fighters can`t use them, football kicks were legal in other MMA promotions such as Japan`s Pride FC in the 2000s.
The most notable fighters who have used football kicks are Brazilians Mauricio Rua and Wanderlei Silva. The groin is one of the most sensitive areas of the body. Therefore, all blows to the groin of an opponent are illegal in the Ultimate Fighting Championship. If a fighter cannot recover from a groin strike, the fight is declared not a competition. The UFC allows fighters to kick and knee the opponent on the ground. But they should not hit these blows to the head and can only hit the body of opponents on the ground. But to fully understand this rule, we need to explain what “rooted/slaughtered fighter” means in the UFC. When it comes to biting, it`s quite obvious why it`s illegal.
The good thing is that it rarely happens (but not in the UFC – you know who we`re talking about). Although a UFC fight can sometimes seem brutal and violent (because of punches, kicks, elbows, knees, throws, submissions, withdrawals, wrestling, etc.), it is still a sport. As a sport, the first thing we pay attention to is always the safety of the fighters. So not everything is allowed in the cage. There are still rules about what is illegal. The above illegal movements are the ones that occur most frequently. But they are not the only ones. Here`s a list of the remaining illegal movements that occur a little less frequently (as stated by the Nevada State Athletic Commission): 12-6 elbows, called “twelve to six elbows” or “elbow strokes down,” are elbow strokes that start directly (clock analogy, 12 o`clock) and straight (6 hours). They can seriously injure the opponent`s head, so there is no doubt that they should be illegal. The use of 12-6 elbows can lead to disqualification. When we talk about 12-6 elbows and disqualifications, we must mention Jon Jones.
In his 4th fight in the UFC, Jones met Mark Hamill, who gave him his first and only “loss” in the octagon. While he completely dominated the match and overwhelmed Mark Hamill, Jones hit him with about 12-6 elbows, resulting in Jones` disqualification and his only “loss” of his career. Any of these illegal strikes can result in a work stoppage, point deductions and possible loss of disqualification. The referee first warned a fighter of the blows by shouting, “Watch out for the back of the head!” But if a fighter continues to deliver illegal blows, the referee will end the fight, get a point or disqualify the fighter. Nowadays, football kicks are not banned in all MMA actions. “ONE FC” and “Rizin Fighting Championship” allow its fighters to use football kicks and land them on the head or body of their opponents. Any kick, trampling or kneeling on the head of a shot opponent is illegal. Petr Yan first lost his bantamweight title to Aljamain Sterling due to an illegal knee from Yan to a shot Sterling. Blows to the back of the head are considered illegal. Whiplash is illegal in most mixed martial arts actions.
If a fight is stopped on the advice of the ring doctor after an accidental but illegal action, such as a head clash, and the competition is in the second or third round, the game will be decided by the judges according to the same criteria. One of the most discussed illegal moves in the UFC. Once upon a time, headbutts were completely legal within the UFC. Today, this is not the case. What for? Hitting an opponent with your head can lead to severe head trauma and irreparable damage to the rest of your life. They are quite easy to execute, so if they were allowed, we would probably see a lot of serious injuries in the cage. There is a lot of talk about whether headbutting should be allowed in the cage, and there are a lot of people arguing for that; Joe Rogan is just one example. If headshots were allowed, the game would be completely different (from clinches to grapple positions, etc.).
Let`s take a look at what Joe Rogan has to say about it: Let`s take a look at 10 of the most illegal movements or strikes in the UFC today. Football kicks are not allowed in the UFC and this technique is prohibited by the uniform rules of MMA. These kicks are similar to the ones we have in the football game when a player hits the ball. In MMA, fighters throw this kick in the same movement, but they land it on the opponent lying on the ground or trying to get up. According to doctors, this type of kick can lead to neck fractures and other serious injuries. But UFC fighters can put their feet and hands on the fence. They can even push the fence with their hands or legs to escape the clinch or any other situation. Everything becomes illegal when they start grabbing the fence to prevent the enemy from bringing them to the ground. Eye gouging or eye poking is another illegal step in the whole of MMA. RIZIN Fighting Federation uses a set of rules that is largely similar to that of PRIDE, which is appropriate given the involvement of longtime Japanese MMA promoter Nobuyuki Sakakibara in both promotions.
The men`s fights in RIZIN are either two rounds, with round 1 lasting 10 minutes and round 2 lasting 5 minutes, or rounds of 3×5 minutes. Championship fights in RIZIN are 3×5-minute rounds, like all women`s MMA fights, and all fights take place in a ring so that MMA and kickboxing fights can take place on the same map. The evaluation is based on the totality of a fight and the criteria are the effective damage/aggression, the effort to end the fight and the generality of the ring in that order. Hitting football and kneeling against an opponent`s head on the ground are both legal. Elbows (including 12-6 elbows) at the head of an opponent on the ground are allowed if both fighters agree to allow them.  Even though thrushes and articulated locks are legal, fighters should always do their best not to hurt their opponent. They must abandon the submission as soon as the opponent gives up or the referee tells them to stop. Sticking to submission is a clear sign that they are trying to hurt their rival and break their arm or leg.
Earlier this week, former two-time UFC champion Conor McGregor explained how he uses axe kicks to face his opponents who withdraw from his high kicks. McGregor`s tweet read: UFC fighters should not be punched or kicked in the throat. Due to the nature of the sport, we can often see punches and kicks accidentally landing on the neck or neck. These are also illegal, but no referee will stop the fight because of accidental blows.